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Full text of "Flora Indica Vol-I"

8. NUBRA.óWe have extended this province to the whole
of the south flank of the ELouenlnn, from Balti to Nari; it
includes the districts of Nubra, Pangong, and Rodok, and is
comprised within the basin of the Shayuk river and its afflu-
ents, including the Pangong lakes, which have now no exit,
hut which there is good evidence to prove once drained into
the Shayuk river. This is the most lofty and sterile province
of Tibet, except Nari; the axis of the Kouenlun being pro-
bably continuously upwards of 18,500 feet in elevation, and its
main ramifications being equally lofty. The valleys enclosed
between the latter extend for many miles at 16-17,000 feet,
whilst numerous peaks in all parts rise 20-23,000. The ele-
vation of the Karakoram Pass, on the axis, is 18,300; that of
the Pangong lakes, which are very salt, 13,400 feet; and they
are surrounded by mountains of 19,000 feet. The elevation
of two of the passes over the range dividing the Indus from
the Shayuk valley, north of Le, are 17,000 and 19,000 feet.
There is little peculiarity in the vegetation of Nubra; ttie
plants of the lowest valleys are those of the Indus in Balti,
Populus Enphratica being plentiful. Uhnw ptmila occurs
nowhere else in Tibet. Walnut and Elaagnus here find their
northern limit, and are both scarce. In respect of cultivation,
the Nubra valley is superior to any other part of Tibet of
equal elevation, being comparatively well wooded, and the
trees often affording shade, whilst green lanes blooming with
Clematis and rue, and hedges of Hippophae enclosing fields of
millet, wheat, buckwheat, and rape, are common around the
villages. The only peculiar plants are a curious dwarf Berber**
(13. ulicwa, nob.) which grows at 14-15,000 feet, and a wliite-
flowered Allium at 11,000 feet.
EASTERN TIBET is quite unknown-to us botanically and
geographically. The scanty notices published by the few tra-
vellers who have been able to penetrate into the interior of
that strictly guai-ded country lead to the conclusion that it
has the same general aopect as Western Tibet, as far cast at
all events as Jigatzi or Teshu Lumbu and Lhas*a. The oral